Comandos do Apt-Get

Selecionei aqui uma lista de Comandos do Apt-Get para quem deseja lembrar dos comandos simples, além dos famosos comandos adicionar pacote apt-get install e remover pacote apt-get remove.

Comandos do Apt-Get

apt-get install software

-h This help text.

-d Download only – do NOT install or unpack archives

-f Attempt to continue if the integrity check fails

-s No-act. Perform ordering simulation

-y Assume Yes to all queries and do not prompt

-u Show a list of upgraded packages as well

apt-get --reinstall install packagename

Updating the list of packages in your sources.list

apt-get update

Update software using apt

apt-get -u upgrade

To change the list of apt mirrors

apt-setup

Search for package

apt-cache search package

Uninstall software using apt

apt-get remove software

Shortcuts / Cheatcodes

update the package lists

# apt-get update

update the available package lists

# dselect update

upgrade all installed packages

# apt-get upgrade

installs package

# apt-get install pkg

uninstall package

# apt-get remove pkg

show all installed and removed packages

dpkg -l

show install status of package

dpkg -l pkg

show all packages that match pattern

dpkg -S pattern

list packages that contain string

dpkg

list files in package

dpkg -L pkg

show status of package

dpkg -s pkg

show details of package

dpkg -p pkg

list relevant packages

apt-cache search string

install package from a deb file

# dpkg -i file.deb

purge package

# dpkg -P pkg

re-run the configure for a package

# dpkg-reconfigure pkg

get the source

# apt-get source pkg

config build-deps for source and install as needed

# apt-get build-dep

install package from specific release

# apt-get -t release install pkg

prevent name from running at bootup

# update-rc.d -f name remove

upgrade the distribution

# apt-get –u dist-upgrade

How to know what packages may be upgraded

apt-show-versions is a program that shows what packages in the system may be updated and several useful information.

The -u option displays a list of upgradeable packages:

# apt-show-versions -u

APT mantém uma cópia de cada arquivo .deb baixado no diretório /var/cache/apt/archives/. Caso haja atualizações frequentes, este diretório pode rapidamente ocupar um grande espaço em disco com várias versões de cada pacote; você deve regularmente passear por eles. Dois comandos podem ser usados: apt-get clean esvazia completamente o diretório; apt-get autoclean remove apenas os pacotes que não podem mais ser baixados


Referências Bibliográficas: Debian Online Manual Apt-Get command Line Sephorix Linux